What is Nipah Virus?

What is Nipah virus?

Nipah virus is a rare but deadly virus that can cause severe respiratory illness and encephalitis (swelling of the brain) in humans. It is a zoonotic virus, meaning that it can spread from animals to people.

How does Nipah virus spread?

Nipah virus spreads to people through direct contact with infected fruit bats or their bodily fluids, such as saliva, urine, or feces. It can also spread from person-to-person through close contact with the respiratory secretions of an infected person.

What is Nipah Virus?

What are the symptoms of Nipah virus infection?

The symptoms of Nipah virus infection typically appear 4-14 days after exposure to the virus. They can range from mild to severe and may include:

  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Muscle pain
  • Cough
  • Sore throat
  • Vomiting and diarrhea
  • Drowsiness and confusion
  • Seizures
  • Coma

How is Nipah virus infection treated?

There is no specific treatment for Nipah virus infection. Treatment is supportive and includes providing fluids and electrolytes, managing fever, and preventing seizures.

How can I prevent Nipah virus infection?

There are a number of things you can do to prevent Nipah virus infection, including:

  • Avoid contact with fruit bats and their bodily fluids.
  • Wash fruits and vegetables thoroughly before eating them.
  • Avoid drinking raw date palm sap.
  • Practice good hygiene, such as washing your hands frequently with soap and water.
  • Avoid close contact with people who are sick with Nipah virus infection.

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