What you need to know

In case you or someone you know is suffering from a concussion, you should know that is the least serious type of traumatic brain injury. You might get it from an accident or injury on the head. Your brain is made from a soft tissue, enveloped in a spinal fluid inside the protective encasement of the skull. When you receive a blow to your head, the impact jerks your brain, and consequently, causes it to move around the head. Your nerves get injured and blood vessels get damaged from traumatic brain injuries. Your brain stops functioning normally and may disrupt your vision.

If a child gets a concussion, they should be monitored throughout the day.

How can you tell it’s a concussion

It’s hard to diagnose because it’s not visible, even when you have bruises. The symptoms may appear days or weeks after the injury. The following symptoms indicate you have a concussion:

  • Slurred speech
  • Lethargy
  • Confusion
  • Blurred vision
  • Headache
  • Sensitivity to light and noise
  • Difficulty in concentration
  • Dizziness

Concussions vary in severity, depending on the intensity of misbalance, blackouts, and forgetfulness. Grade 1 concussions last around 10 minutes and there’s no blackout. In Grade 2 concussions, the symptoms last longer than 10 minutes, but there is no blackout. In grade 3, the person may blackout for a few seconds.

What Should I do

This is not something that should be neglected. The treatment plan depends on the severity of the concussion. It’s crucial to protect yourself if the concussion is severe. A healthcare provider can better guide you by diagnosing the concussion, determining the severity of the concussion and the appropriate treatment plan. When you have grade 3 concussion, visit your physician immediately. Your doctor would discuss symptoms and treatment with you. The doctor would ask you basic questions, such as about where you live.

Moreover, the healthcare provider would test your coordination and reflexes or whether your nervous system is functioning properly. You would be provided with instructions for recovery along with medications in case the symptoms worsen.

If you have sustained a brain injury from an accident or activity, stop doing that activity and take a break. Give your brain time to recover from the blow. Doing the same activity would only make the concussion worse. You run a higher chance of retaining a concussion. Frequent concussions can have cumulative impacts on your brain, such as inflammation, disabilities, permanent brain damage or death. You may also have to take a break from normal activities when you have incurred trauma. Your doctor can guide you about whether you can return to normal activities or not.

How your doctor would test you

Your doctor would perform tests of memory, alertness, and information-processing to determine the extent of the injury. Imaging tests could be done if the symptoms are severe. The doctor could also admit you for overnight observation. Otherwise, taking rest is the key to mental and physical recover from the injury.

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